The first Prime Minister of Israel (between 1948-65, with a two-year hiatus in 1954-55), often credited as primary founder of the State of Israel, chose to retire from politics with his wife in a Kibbutz. Then on April 1st 1968 he gave a six-hour interview mostly in English with plenty of hindsight at his country’s short and controversial history. The audio of the footage was lost for nearly 50 years, and then it was finally put together earlier this year for insightful documentary.
Ben-Gurion takes a critical look at his past and consistently emphasises that peace would have been more valuable than territorial expansion. His rhetoric is surprisingly magnanimous if compared to the more recent leaders of Israel. Did the leader mellow down after leaving politics and moving to a quiet and idyllic setting? After all, he was a major player in the Suez Crisis of 1957, when Israel invaded Egypt. According to Ben-Gurion, however, they were just trying to vouch for “freedom of Jewish immigration”, and not attempting to annex the region.
During the lengthy interview, he also reminds the reporter of the reconciliation with the Germans and sympathy for the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who he said “was not a Nazi”. He insisted that Germans couldn’t be blamed for the mistakes made by their parents, thereby shunning collective blame – which explains why he accepted reparation money. He seems like a plausible, balanced and moderate man.
His attitude towards Palestine is little more ambiguous. While supporting peace, he suddenly interjects: “this is our country, and there is no Palestinian state”. He also talks of “free and democratic Jewish commonwealth with Palestine”, but still favours armed action were necessary. He describes himself as “a Jew who wants to live in a world in peace and without exploitation”, and he even refuses an eulogy and gun-firing at his funeral. Yet this peace statement is strangely incompatible with the armed efforts that he occasionally seems to support. This paradox tacitly prevails throughout the documentary, and it perhaps epitomises Ben-Gurion’s life.
Ben-Gurin’s ambiguous rhetoric is not exclusive to the this 1968 interview. Five years later, the then 86-year-old told told the Jerusalem Post that he favored giving back all of the territories to Palestine except East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights “if the Arabs agreed to make peace with Israel”. Later in the same interview, he changed his mind. “They don’t want to make peace with us. Israelis should settle on every part of the land…”. Finally he rescinded his views: “…but not by displacing Arabs.”
Ben-Gurion: Epilogue was acquired by Go2Films following a screening at the Jerusalem Film Festival. Just click here for more information about the movie.